Category Archives: Brain Connection

A Discovery That “Literally Changes the Textbook”

Gut Health Shop gar-brain-evolution-neurosciences A Discovery That "Literally Changes the Textbook" Brain Connection

Summary: Study of gar fish reveals the modern eye-brain connection may have evolved much earlier than previously believed. Source: Michigan State University The network of nerves connecting our eyes to our brains is sophisticated and researchers have now shown that it evolved much earlier than previously thought, thanks to an unexpected source: the gar fish. […]

Increased Risks With Alemtuzumab Following Fingolimod Treatment in Multiple Sclerosis

Gut Health Shop a56e2d15410830681e15ba4f1ff3d94ca4369517-300x300.jpgautoformat Increased Risks With Alemtuzumab Following Fingolimod Treatment in Multiple Sclerosis Brain Connection

Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) treated with alemtuzumab (Lemtrada; Sanofi Genzyme) who had previously been treated with fingolimod (Gilenya; Novartis) demonstrated suboptimal disease control and increased risk of secondary autoimmunity compared with other disease-modifying therapies (DMTs).1 The retrospective, real-world setting study included 170 patients who were treatment naïve or previously failed to respond to natalizumab, […]

Journal Scan – This Month in Other Journals, April 2021

Gut Health Shop blog_social_square Journal Scan – This Month in Other Journals, April 2021 Brain Connection

1. Takami H, Perry A, Graffeo CS, et al. Comparison on epidemiology, tumor location, histology, and prognosis of intracranial germ cell tumors between Mayo Clinic and Japanese consortium cohorts. J Neurosurg 2020;134(February):1–11 CNS germ cell tumors (GCTs) are rare neoplasms predominantly arising in adolescent and young-adult male patients. Standardized treatment protocols using chemoradiation have demonstrated […]

Modern Human Brain Originated In Africa Around 1.7 Million Years Ago

Gut Health Shop modern-brain-evolution-neurosciecnes Modern Human Brain Originated In Africa Around 1.7 Million Years Ago Brain Connection

Summary: Computer tomography reveals modern human brain structures only originated between 1.5 to 1.7 million years ago in African Homo populations. Source: University of Zurich Modern humans are fundamentally different from our closest living relatives, the great apes: We live on the ground, walk on two legs and have much larger brains. The first populations […]

World Coma Day and the State of Coma Care: Wendy Ziai, MD, MPH

Gut Health Shop faba62b3533d7ed3f3d76f82707420d4d8a42310-1920x1080.pngautoformat-1024x576 World Coma Day and the State of Coma Care: Wendy Ziai, MD, MPH Brain Connection

“[Prognostication is] probably one of the biggest challenges we face, especially in the short-term. Obviously, we don’t have a crystal ball, we can’t predict how patients are going to look in 3, 6, or 12 months from now, and we often probably don’t get it right.” This year, for the first time, the Neurocritical Care […]

Brain Structure is Key to Understanding Human Cognition

Gut Health Shop CNS21_post3 Brain Structure is Key to Understanding Human Cognition Brain Connection

CNS 2021Guest Post by Anne Billot In the 19th and 20th century, cases of individuals with brain injury, such as Phineas Gage or Henry Molaison, have advanced our understanding of the relationship between the anatomy of the brain and its function. Back then, methods were limited to investigate whole-brain structure and function. Now, cognitive neuroscientists […]

‘Brain Glue’ Helps Repair Circuitry in Severe TBI

Gut Health Shop brain-glue-tbi-neurosciecnces 'Brain Glue' Helps Repair Circuitry in Severe TBI Brain Connection

Summary: A newly developed reparative hydrogel, which researchers are dubbing “brain glue”, protects against loss of brain tissue following a TBI and can aid in functional neural repair. Source: University of Georgia At a cost of $38 billion a year, an estimated 5.3 million people are living with a permanent disability related to traumatic brain […]

rtPA Effective in Ischemic Stroke Prior to Recanalization Despite Occlusion

Gut Health Shop 712686a027b2bcadff43c15a388a51864f5f6c9e-300x300.pngautoformat rtPA Effective in Ischemic Stroke Prior to Recanalization Despite Occlusion Brain Connection

Data from a recent study has suggested that intravenously administered recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) reaches its target despite total embolic occlusion and that local cerebral rtPA concentrations are similar to systemic concentrations in patients with ischemic stroke (IS).1 Researchers found that empirical local rtPA estimates closely matched a pharmacokinetic model of 1-phase exponential decay: […]

Understanding Itch: New Insights at the Intersection of the Nervous System & Immune System

Gut Health Shop itch-immune-system-neurosicences-public Understanding Itch: New Insights at the Intersection of the Nervous System & Immune System Brain Connection

Summary: Cysteine leukotriene receptor 2 appears to be a key player in chronic itch, a new study reports. Source: Brigham and Women’s Hospital Eczema, or atopic dermatitis (AD), is sometimes called “the itch that rashes.” Often, the itch begins before the rash appears, and, in many cases, the itchiness of the skin condition never really […]